崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋

崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋

印度的起伏磚瓦屋頂圖書館

Sameep Padora creates undulating brick roof to cover school library in India

Sameep Padora & Associates事務所的建築師在看到西班牙加泰羅尼亞的拱形磚天花板的形式後,將其應用到印度戈伯爾岡鎮(Kopargaon)的兒童圖書館的設計之中,這座建築因此其擁有了復雜的彎曲屋頂。

Padora在孟買的事務所為Shri Sharda英語中學設計了Maya Somaiya圖書館,該學校坐落於印度馬哈拉施特拉邦小鎮的邊緣。

Sameep Padora & Associates looked at the forms of vaulted brick ceilings found in Catalonia to develop the complex curved roof of this extension to a children’s library in the Indian town of Kopargaon.

Padora’s Mumbai-based practice designed the Maya Somaiya Library for the Shri Sharda English Medium School, which is located on the edge of the town in the state of Maharashtra.

崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋

該建築位於現有建築物和學校邊界之間的一條狹長的土地上,人們在這里可以俯瞰附近的農田。

建築占地的比例也確定了建築物的線狀布局,整個體量被一種似乎從地面上生長出來的流體屋頂所覆蓋。

The building occupies a narrow strip of land between existing buildings and the school’s boundary, which looks out onto the adjacent farmland.

The site’s proportions informed the building’s linear floorplan, which is enveloped by a fluid roof form that appears to grow out of the ground.

崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋

建築師表示:「直觀地看,我們認為圖書館是地面的一部分。我們使用磚作為材料,因為它的觸覺性、可用性、隔熱性,以及能夠抵擋強光。」

建築師們還受到了校園現有測地結構的啟發,這些結構表達了新建築技術與創新建築解決方案的可能性。

“Alluding to the intuitive impetus that children have towards landscape we imagined the library building to be a formal extension of the ground,” said the studio, “using brick as material for its tactility, availability as well as its utility as insulation against the strong sun.”

The architects were also inspired by existing geodesic structures on the school campus to explore the possibilities of a technically innovative construction solution for the new building.

崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋

在考慮了包括混凝土殼和磚拱頂等不同的建築技術之後,研究小組確定了一種建造結構拱門的方法,即加泰羅尼亞拱頂。

拱形表面發現於地中海各地,建築師通常在木頭上縱向鋪磚而形成。

After considering different building techniques including concrete shells and brick vaults, the team settled on a method for creating structural arches known as the Catalan vault.

The vaulted surfaces are found throughout the Mediterranean and are typically created by laying bricks lengthwise on top of a wooden form.

崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋

Padora和他的團隊尤其受到19世紀西班牙建築師Rafael Guastavino Moreno的影響,這位建築師運用這種技術創造了獨有的瓷磚拱形系統,同時,他們也受到烏拉圭建築師Eladio Dieste於20世紀中葉發展而成的薄殼結構的影響。

形成學校屋頂所需的復雜雙曲面是通過三維建模軟件Rhinoceros設計而成,該程序應用方便,它將結構通過壓縮然後連接在一起。

Padora and his team were particularly influenced by the 19th-century Spanish architect Rafael Guastavino Moreno’s adaptation of the technique to create his patented Tile Arch System, as well as by the thin-shell structures developed by Uruguayan architect Eladio Dieste in the mid 20th century.

The complex double-curved surfaces required to form the school’s roof were created using a plug-in for 3D modelling programme Rhinoceros, which facilitates the design of structures that are held together by compression only.

崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋
崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋
崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋
崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋

Rhino Vault軟件由ETH Zürich的區塊研究小組開發,以前曾用於製造由225塊面板組成的木結構機器人。建築就像一個完全由石頭製成的華蓋,沒有額外的結構支撐。

拱形屋頂覆蓋着一間可容納22,000多本書的房間。屋頂與地面接觸的空隙中建有小庭院。

The Rhino Vault software was developed by the Block Research Group at ETH Zürich, and has previously been used to create a robotically fabricated wooden structure made from 225 individual panels, as well as a canopy made entirely from stone with no additional fixings.

The vaulted roof encloses a single room with capacity to house over 22,000 books. Small courtyards are situated in the gaps between where the roof touches the ground.

崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋
崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋
崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋
崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋

屋頂長達44米,由三層32毫米厚的磚瓦組成,這些磚瓦用灰漿粘合在一起。最終形成一座起伏的屋頂景觀平台,其強度足夠容納人們步行通過。

日光通過稜角分明的玻璃牆流入圖書館,這些牆從突出的屋頂結構的邊緣向後傾斜,確保它們不受強光的照射。

The roof spans 44 metres and comprises three layers of 32-millimetre-thick brick tiles held together by mortar. The result is an undulating roofscape that is strong enough to walk across.

Daylight pours into the library through angular glazed walls that are set back from the edge of the overhanging roof structure to ensure they are shaded from the sun’s harshest rays.

崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋

Sameep Padora&Associates事務所此前的項目還有佛教教育和冥想中心,該中心使用含有火山灰的夯土建造。還有用垂直木條製成的度假屋。

攝影:Edmund Sumner

Sameep Padora & Associates’ previous projects include a Buddhist education and meditation centre built using rammed earth that contains volcanic dust, and a holiday home wrapped in screens made from vertical timber battens.

Photography is by Edmund Sumner.

崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋
崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋
崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋
崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋
崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋
崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋
崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋
崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋
崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋
崛地而起的蒼穹,是孩子們知識的海洋

項目信息:

建築設計:Sameep Padora & Associates事務所

設計團隊:Vami Sheth, Aparna Dhareshwar, Manasi Punde, Archita Banerjee

Project credits:

Architect: Sameep Padora & Associates

Design team: Vami Sheth, Aparna Dhareshwar, Manasi Punde, Archita Banerjee

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